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Common sources of chronic pain include:
A chronic disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system, FM is characterized by widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and sleep and concentration problems.
Head and Neck Pain
With symptoms that can either ‘flare’ or persist, long-term head and neck pain often impacts range of motion and the ability to carry out daily routines. Sources include chronic sinusitis, headache, herniated disc or other disc injury, migraines, muscle spasms, pinched nerve, and postural issues. See also Headache, Including Migraine, and Whiplash, below.
Headache, Including Migraine
With pain affecting the head and neck, headache can range from mild to incapacitating. Sources of headache include Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMD) and chronic sinusitis; tension, especially in the neck area; and, poor body awareness and posture issues. Types of headache include tension, cluster, and combination, as well as migraine, repeat migraines, and related auras. See also Head and Neck Pain above.
Joint Hypermobility Syndrome
Complications can result when a joint is able to move beyond its usual range of motion. A common disorder involving joint hypermobility and loose connective tissue is Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS).
Lower Back Pain
A leading cause of missed work, lower back pain ranges greatly in intensity, severity, and impact. Its source is often mechanical in nature, involving the discs, joints, and bones that make up the spine and the nerves that pass through it.
Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS)
Another disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system, MPS involves trigger points in contracted muscles that can refer pain to other parts of your body.
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMD)
The jaw joint, called the Temporomandibular Joint, or TMJ, and its surrounding muscle are often the site of discomfort, pain, and impaired function.
A forceful, acceleration/deceleration neck injury, whiplash may involve the whole spine, although symptoms are often first perceived in the neck. Whiplash is frequently accompanied by concussion.